Since the organization began in 1994, Mountain Watershed Association has restored 70% of Indian Creek, reducing the length of impaired stream miles in the watershed from 47 miles to 14. The first abandoned mine discharge treatment system was developed in the Indian Creek watershed in 2001. Since then, we have developed 5 treatment systems to divert contaminated mine water, filter out pollutants, and direct the cleaned water back into the stream.

A Brief Explanation of Abandoned Mine Drainage (AMD)

Coal extraction from both surface and deep mines exposes rock layers that contain minerals, such as iron, aluminum, and manganese. When these minerals are exposed to water and air, they can become dissolved in water and create a chemical reaction, sometimes coloring the water red (iron), white (aluminum), or have no effect on the water clarity and color. 

This metal-rich water can flow from runoff on surface mines and seeps from abandoned underground mines that fill with water over time. The Indian Creek watershed is impacted by dozens of abandoned underground coal mines that leach contaminated water from the mine pool into the mainstem and tributary streams of Indian Creek. We typically refer to this as abandoned mine drainage, or AMD. If left untreated, chronic pollution from AMD will impair or kill much of the aquatic life within streams.

20190829_101217 (1)

Our Abandoned Mine Discharge Projects

Abandoned coal mines, some taken out of commission over 100 years ago, are a major source of pollution impacting stream health in the Indian Creek watershed. MWA has developed a number of projects to implement treatment systems that remediate areas impacted by abandoned mine discharges. Click on the pictures to learn more about each remediation project.

News & Updates

Meet MWA’s New Ford Lightning!

January 13, 2024

Mountain Watershed Association just took a big step toward a sustainable future! We received a donation from the Walter Limbach Family Fund specifically to purchase a Ford F-150 Lightning XLT in order to reduce our carbon footprint when traveling around the watershed!

Read More

Seeking Land Committee Members!

January 5, 2024

“All nature is doing her best each moment to make us well—she exists for no other end. Do not resist her,” Henry David Thoreau (Journal, 23 August 1853).  Whether you…

Read More

What would Rachel Carson say about roadside spraying?

January 3, 2024

An essay by guest writer and MWA member DARYLN BREWER HOFFSTOT. Daryln’s book, “A Farm Life: Observations of Fields and Forests” was published recently by Stackpole Books. This essay was…

Read More