Since the organization began in 1994, Mountain Watershed Association has restored 70% of Indian Creek, reducing the length of impaired stream miles in the watershed from 47 miles to 14. The first abandoned mine discharge treatment system was developed in the Indian Creek watershed in 2001. Since then, we have developed 5 treatment systems to divert contaminated mine water, filter out pollutants, and direct the cleaned water back into the stream.
A Brief Explanation of Abandoned Mine Drainage (AMD)
Coal extraction from both surface and deep mines exposes rock layers that contain minerals, such as iron, aluminum, and manganese. When these minerals are exposed to water and air, they can become dissolved in water and create a chemical reaction, sometimes coloring the water red (iron), white (aluminum), or have no effect on the water clarity and color.
This metal-rich water can flow from runoff on surface mines and seeps from abandoned underground mines that fill with water over time. The Indian Creek watershed is impacted by dozens of abandoned underground coal mines that leach contaminated water from the mine pool into the mainstem and tributary streams of Indian Creek. We typically refer to this as abandoned mine drainage, or AMD. If left untreated, chronic pollution from AMD will impair or kill much of the aquatic life within streams.
Our Abandoned Mine Discharge Projects
Abandoned coal mines, some taken out of commission over 100 years ago, are a major source of pollution impacting stream health in the Indian Creek watershed. MWA has developed a number of projects to implement treatment systems that remediate areas impacted by abandoned mine discharges. Click on the pictures to learn more about each remediation project.
News & Updates | Mine Discharge
MWA is proud to announce that we are now the sole owners of 186.17 acres of property in the Indian Creek Valley Gorge. The property is located in Springfield Township…Read More
With 2022 in the rearview mirror, we are excited to ring in 2023 with good news, upcoming events, and the announcement of two open staff positions. We are eager to share the 2022 Year…Read More
On Monday, January 16th, 2023, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PADEP) announced that Mountain Watershed Association (MWA) was awarded a total of $222,482 for the The Kalp Passive Treatment…Read More